USING ITEM A, ASSESS THE VALUE OF THE CHIVALRY harangue IN UNDERSTANDING GENDER DIFFERENCES IN CRIME (21 marks) Pollak (1950) was of the position that law of nature and magistrates tended to be to a greater finish chivalrous and lenient towards pistillate murderenders, resulting in sentence disparities, and as a result, criminal statistics underestimate the amount of female offending. (Item A). Pollak argued that workforce namely in this sideslip police officers, magistrates and judges, atomic number 18 socialized to be protective towards women and therefore be less presumptive to chase or mesh them, and are also hard-boiled more laxly in court. Pollak goes further to argue that women are accustomed to deceiving men, for example in faking orgasms during sex, or lying in a relationship to impinge on material wealth. This gist that their wickednesss, such as poisoning and infanticide, are less easily uncovered (item A) leading to women being underreprese nted in criminal statistics. The valiancy thesis claims that women will be treated more leniently for committing certain crimes, gener eithery shoplifting is practically associated more with females than males, barely the statistics suggest that males commit many more acts of theft than women, and this may be because females are let off with a type rather than a conviction.
This could be because the statistics of crime are so male dominated; a police officer may not think convicting a fair sex of petty(a) theft is worth it. Similarly, men are more likely to be convicted of theft because the criminal just ice establishment seemingly victimises mal! es over females, while it is probably more likely that males are more likely to commit crime than females, the scatter betwixt the crime rates according to gender may not be as large as first of all assumed. It is also possible that female occurrences of shoplifting, as Pollak argues, never drive up come to the attention of the authorities, again because more oftentimes than not they are not reported. Farrington and Morris (1983) did a study of sentencing in...If you indispensableness to set down a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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